Socio-demographic profile of multi-drug resistant TB patients in Solan, Hamirpur and Bilaspur Districts of Himachal Pradesh, India
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 3095-3100
AbstractBackground: Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis cases are due to delayed tuberculosis services, mismanagement of drug resistance TB treatment and social stigma of TB. There are many socio-demographic factors associated with MDR TB infection such as poverty, overcrowding, illiteracy, lack of awareness and substance abuse etc. Aim was to study the socio-demographic profile of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis patients.
Methods: We did one year descriptive study from January 2020 to December 2020 in three district of Himachal Pradesh, Solan, Hamirpur, Bilaspur. Primary data was collected through pilot survey, personal interviews, questionnaires filled up by 118 confirmed MDR TB patients.
Results: Out of 118 patients MDRTB was more in males around 70.3% than females which is around 29.7%. MDR TB patients between age group 16 years to 45 years were 57%. Patient’s educational status showed that 52.5% had primary or lesser level of education. The socioeconomic profile of the patients showed that more than 80% (98) patients were from the lower income group i.e. below 10,000 rupees per month. Around 54.2% patients were from large families with family member’s ≥ 5 and with inadequate living room ventilation. Most of MDRTB patients around 69% have no previous history of TB. In our study, 44% patients were consuming tobacco, whereas 40.6% were taking alcohol.
Conclusion: MDR-TB is a rapidly increasing health problem with major socio-economic and individual consequences. At present our program priority is to formulate result oriented, definite policies and their strict implementations.
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