Efficacy Of Supportive Educational Intervention on Fear Of Childbirth Among Primipara Mothers
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 3895-3901
AbstractBackground:-Childbirth fear among first time pregnant mothers may lead to poor emotional and psychological well being which will lead to more obstetric interventions. Midwives can perform a prime role in imparting maternal counseling, care in pregnancy and childbirth. The aim of the study is to develop and assess the effect of supportive-educational intervention on fear of childbirth among primipara mothers with a fear of childbirth.
Materials and Methods:-This Randomized controlled trial was conducted on 205 primipara mothers with a fear of childbirth attending Gynae O.P.D.in Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh by using CONSORT statement At 24-28 weeks of pregnancy primipara mothers were screened for fear of childbirth WDEQ-A and then randomly allocated to experimental and control group. Control group receive routine care and experimental group received two sessions of intervention one between 24-28 weeks and second between 32-36 weeks of pregnancy. At 37-38 weeks of pregnancy selected mothers in the both group were again assessed for fear of childbirth. The data analysis was done by calculating frequency, mean, standard deviation, Fisher Exact test, chi-square, ‘t’ test and F-test using SPSS version 18.
Results: - After the interventions, there were significant difference between groups on post intervention scores for fear of childbirth at p<0.001.
Conclusion: - Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that supportive educational intervention was effective in primipara mothers for reducing fear of childbirth.
Relevance to clinical practice: Imparting antenatal education will help to improve physical and psychological wellbeing of pregnant mothers
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