Assessment of prevalence of low testosterone level in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Solan, Himachal Pradesh
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 3908-3914
AbstractBackground:Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition caused by insufficient insulin production or insulin resistance, as well as excessive or insufficient glucagon production. Hyperglycemia is a consequence of untreated diabetes that causes harm to multiple body systems through microvascular, macrovascular, and neuropathic problems over time. In addition, testosterone levels were shown to be low in uncontrolled type 2 diabetic patients.
Aim and objectives: To investigate the incidence of low testosterone levels in men with type 2 diabetes, as well as the prevalence of erectile dysfunction in men with type 2 diabetes and its impact on everyday activities.
Methods: This research was conducted out in the Department of Medicine of Maharishi Markandeshwar College and Hospital, Solan. A total of 100 men with type 2 diabetes were studied to determine the prevalence of low testosterone levels.
Results: This study enlisted 100 type 2 diabetes patients over the age of 40 to look at serum testosterone levels. In 69 patients with HbA1C levels greater than 7.5%, testosterone levels were found to be low. In low testosterone groups, erectile dysfunction was reported. The relationship between type 2 diabetes and hypogonadism has been examined extensively in many research, however whether DM therapy can treat hypogonadism or testosterone can enhance glycemic control in diabetic patients with hypogonadism is still debatable.
Conclusions: Due to the high prevalence of both low testosterone levels and ED, all diabetic male patients over the age of 40 should be screened
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