Document Type : Research Article
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of disorders affecting the temporomandibular joints and the muscles of mastication. Signs of TMD primarily includes pain in and around temporomandibular joint. Although surgical options are available for treatment of many tmj dysfunctions, pain management and treatment associated with TMJ disorders could be potentially relieved with self-managed care or non surgical treatment.
The rationale behind this systematic review is to evaluate the numerous physiotherapeutic treatment methods and summarize the evidence from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that examined their effectiveness on pain relief in temporomandibular disorders (TMD).
An Electronic search of PubMed, Saud digital library (SDL) and Cochrane Databases was conducted. Reviewers retrieved 475 articles from the three databases. A total of 10 articles were included in the systematic review.
Physiotherapy compared to other treatment modalities was found significantly more effective when combined with other adjunctive treatments such as manipulative therapy.
Review of comparison of different non-invasive therapies of TMD suggested that Physical therapy including manipulative therapy and Therapeutic Ultrasound had significant positive results in reducing (TMD) symptomology.