Cross Sectional Observational Study to Assess the Cardiovascular Risk in Healthy Obese and Non-obese Young Staff of Tertiary Care Center.
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 4185-4190
AbstractAim: To assess the cardiovascular risk in healthy obese & non-obese young staff of tertiary care center by using non-invasive test. To assess the cardiac function in correlation not only to body mass index but also body fat percentage, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, fat free mass index by using various autonomic function tests.
Method: The study involved 62 subjects (20-40 year). Out of which 31 were obese and 31 were healthy non-obese volunteer. In all study subjects four different non-invasive, simple, standardized autonomic function tests were done.
Result: Variation in heart rate (∆HR) during deep breathing,Valsalva ratio, 30:15 ratios during orthostatic test was significantly lower in obese than non-obese. BMI, Body Fat %, Fat Free Mass Index, Waist Circumference, Waist Hip Ratio shows negative correlation with parasympathetic autonomic function.
Conclusion: There is decrease parasympathetic activity in obese subjects. As waist Hip Ratio, waist circumference and Body fat % increased, there is decreased in parasympathetic function. So, assessment of Waist Hip Ratio, Waist circumference and Body Fat % are important in healthy obese and non-obese subjects along with BMI.
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