To determine the outcome of cataract surgery in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 4273-4278
AbstractAim: To determine the outcome of cataract surgery in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals.
Methods and Materials: 100 diabetic and 100 age-matched non-diabetic people were studied. The current research included all diabetes patients who had cataract surgery. This research comprised diabetic individuals aged 30 to 60 years. Subjects in the non-diabetic group were of similar age and gender who underwent cataract extraction within the same time period. Diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting sugar readings of higher than 120 mg/dl.
Results: The study group consisted of 100 diabetes patients, whereas the control group consisted of 100 non-diabetic individuals. At 10 days, the incidence of post-surgical visual acuity in the diabetes and non-diabetic groups was 0.17 and 0.24, respectively. After three months, the incidence of post-surgical visual acuity in the diabetes and non-diabetic groups was 0.33 and 0.40, respectively. When comparing the means, the findings were non-significant. The difference in post-operative visual acuity between the two research groups at various time intervals. Striate keratopathy was the most prevalent post-surgical complication in both the diabetes and non-diabetic groups (15% vs 9%) respectively. Posterior capsular opacity 13(13%) and 7(7%), and Posterior capsular rent 12% and 9% in diabetic and non-diabetic patients, respectively, were followed by Pigment dispersion 11% and 8% in diabetic and non-diabetic patients.
Conclusion: We conclude that diabetic patients should not be refused for cataract surgeries. However, there is need for taking extra- precautions as diabetic subjects might be more prone for surgical associated complications.
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