Document Type : Research Article
Medical Infrastructures are viewed as a potential case in the area of improvement intended for IoT applications. The medical requirements regarding the patient is continuously monitored at any convenient place and directed to the physician spontaneously without any human intervention. As a scientific mathematical instrument, hypergraphs can be instigated to exemplify computer networks, biological networks, data structures, and various other systems. Hypergraphs are often used, to map the objects in the system and the complex relationships between them. Blockchain can be considered as a chain or records stored in the forms of blocks which are controlled by no single authority, which contains transactional records, ensuring security, transparency, and decentralization. Blockchain is completely open to everyone on the network as it is a distributed ledger. Each transaction on a blockchain is fortified with a digital signature that proves its legitimacy. While transactions take place on a blockchain, there are nodes on the network that legalize these transactions. Due to the use of encryption and digital signatures, the data stored on the blockchain is tamper-proof and cannot be transformed. In blockchain, the nodes are called as miners and they use the concept of Proof-of-work, in order to process and authorize transactions on the network. In order for a transaction to be valid, each block must refer to the hash of its preceding block. Blockchain consists of different consensus algorithms securing it from cyber-attacks.