A study of anemia in hospitalized patients of heart failure with reduced ejection
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 4702-4706
AbstractBackground: The present study was conducted for evaluation of anemia in hospitalized patients of hospitalized patients of heart failure with reduced ejection.
Materials & methods: A total of 50 patients with presence of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction were enrolled. Complete demographic details of all the patients were recorded. Heart failure was diagnosed based on history, signs and symptoms, clinical parameters, laboratory parameters and 2D ECHO used to measure ejection fraction. Complete blood count, serum iron, serum ferritin, TSAT, vitamin B12 were done along with other laboratory parameters. Anemic patients were evaluated separately for different demographic details.
Results: Overall relance of anaemia among heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction was 58 percent. 65.52 percent of the patients with anaemia and 57.14 percent of the patients without anaemia were males while the remaining were females. Mean age of the patients with and without anaemia was 58.3 years and 59.4 years respectively. Cough, palpitation, exertional dyspnea, chest pain and fatigue were seen in 51.72 percent, 48.28 percent, 100 percent, 62.06 percent and 82.76 percent of the patients respectively.
Conclusion: From the above results, the authors concluded that significant proportion of heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction are affected with anaemia with non-specific clinical profile
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