Effects of Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption on Semen Quality in Healthy Men
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 5448-5465
AbstractThe definition of infertility is the failure of a sexually active, non-contraceptive couple to get pregnant within a year. Semen analysis is the cornerstone of evaluating infertility since it tells us how well the seminiferous tubules, epididymis, and accessory sex glands are working. Given that there is a lack of knowledge about male infertility in India, it is crucial to be aware of the many risk factors linked to infertility.
Methods: 177 healthy men's semen samples were obtained. The individuals were divided into groups based on their alcohol intake and smoking habits. The examination of the sperm was done in accordance with WHO standards. Utilizing statistical analysis SPSS-22 Results was used to examine the data.
Results: A lower sperm count was linked to heavy smoking (> 20 cigarettes per day). An increase in sperm with morphological abnormalities was shown to be connected with moderate/high alcohol use ( 15.4 g/day). Significant increases in plasma membranes and architecturally aberrant nuclei were seen in alcohol-consuming individuals.
Conclusions: Heavy cigarette smoking was linked to lower sperm counts, while drinking alcohol was linked to more sperm with morphological abnormalities.
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