Document Type : Research Article
Aim: Study of the acromion process of scapula and its clinical importance.
Materials and methods: The present study used 180 dry adult scapulae (100 right, 80 left) of unknown age and sex at the anatomy department. Broken and wounded scapulae, as well as those with unique and complete features, were excluded from the study. Each scapula was morphologically examined, and the following acromion process parameters were measured and reported in millimetres using a Vernier calliper (mm).
Results: In the current research, the mean values of acromion length were 43.57±4.66 mm in total samples, 43.58±4.58 mm in right side, and 43.56±4.74 mm in left side. (Table 1) The mean values of acromion width were 27.66±3.51 mm in total samples, 27.78±3.58 mm in right side, and 27.54±3.44 mm in left side. (Table 2) The average distance from the tip of the acromion process to the tip of the coracoid process in the overall sample was 34.53± 2.91 mm, 34.17±2.96 mm on the right side, and 34.89±2.87 mm on the left side. (Table 3) The mean acromio-glenoid distance observed in the overall sample was 30.55±3.62, 30.11±3.69 mm on the right side, and 30.98±3.55 mm in the left side.
Conclusion: The acromion process is vital in shoulder joint development and provides stability. The morphometric study of the acromion may be utilised as an adjunct to encourage a better understanding of the illness that manifests itself in the shoulder area