Document Type : Research Article
Aim: To determine the cadaveric morphology of gall bladde.
Material and methods: The research was carried out at the anatomy department. 60 adult cadaveric human gall bladders preserved in formalin. The gall bladder was dissected thoroughly and evaluated for maximal length and width (transverse diameter), changes in form, exterior appearance, and location. The length and width of the gall bladder were measured using sliding vernier callipers, and an average of three measurements were taken.
Results: The gall bladder measures in this investigation are provided in table no.1. The average length and width of the gall bladder were 6.89±0.79cm and 3.55±0.69cm, respectively. Pear-shaped gall bladders were found in 26 specimens (43.33%), flask-shaped gall bladders in 15 specimens (25%), cylindrical-shaped gall bladders in 12 specimens (20%), irregular-shaped gall bladders in 4 specimens (6.67%), and hourglass-shaped gall bladders in 3 specimens (5%).
Conclusion: Congenital gallbladder malformations and billiary tree variations are uncommon. These abnormalities may catch surgeons off guard during laparoscopic surgery, since failure to diagnose them can result in iatrogenic injuries and increase morbidity and mortality. Being aware of these abnormalities aids in the performance of invasive surgeries, treatments, and diagnostics in this area.