Document Type : Research Article
Introduction: PCNL is most common procedure for renal calculi. Safety of PCNL puncture is very important to avoid complications. Also it should be the best target calyx punctured in best possible direction through the kidney parenchyma. Usually supracostal puncture is done at full expiration for fear of chest complications.
Method: Retrospective analysis of 300 cases of supracostal puncture done at deep inspiration is done in this study.
Results: It has shown similar complication rates like any other approach, Chest tube insertion in 1%, blood transfusion rates of 6.3%, similar length of hospital stay of average 2.02 days. Early chest tube insertion when chest complication is suspected is found to give early recovery. Conclusion: Precautions to be taken are: Remain in lateral part of intercostal space, remain just at superior border of lower rib and initial direction of needle to be kept vertically downwards till it passes well beyond the rib.