Study of Histopathological Spectrum of Non-Neoplastic Lesions of Thyroid
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 6250-6254
AbstractBackground:Thyroid gland is one of the vital endocrine organs and thyroid disorders are the most common endocrine disorders. The prevalence of thyroid disease in India is huge. Thyroid lesions usually present as goitrous enlargement and nodules. Non-neoplastic lesions are more common than the neoplastic lesions.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted both retrospective and prospectively and included 100 non-neoplastic thyroid specimens received to the department. The clinical details were noted, specimens were fixed in formalin and H&E sections were studied.
Results: Most of the patients were in the age group of third decade of life constituting about 57% of all the cases. There is female preponderance in the study overall, with female to male ratio of 2.4:1. In this study, the commonest non-neoplastic thyroid lesion observed was nodular goitre which accounted for 56%, followed by colloid goitre, 33%. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the commonest inflammatory lesion (5%) and 1 case of thyroglossal cyst diagnosed.
Conclusion: The present study was conducted to evaluate the spectrum of distribution of non-neoplastic thyroid lesions in the institute as these show higher incidence than the neoplastic lesions.
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