Study of Stomach Mucosa Findings Noticeable To Naked Eye in Poisoning Deaths
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 6290-6295
AbstractBackground:Poisoning, environmental, accidental, in the form of suicidal consumption and due to pesticides is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality rates in a great number of countries throughout the world. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the stomach mucosa findings noticeable to naked eye and with the help of hand lens, in cases of lethal poisoning.
Material and Methods: This particular study analysed data from 44 randomly selected cases of fatal poisoning including people of both sexes. The stomach was dissected and and examined during autopsy. After doing a gross examination of the stomach, some findings were observed. These included mucosa gross appearance-findings such as paleness, congestion, bleeding, and erosion, flattening of the rugae, oedema, and colour changes.
Results: Out of a total of 44 cases, there were 14 females and 30 males. Organophosphorous was the most common type of poison that was employed, with 28 cases, followed by sulfuric acid with eight cases, hydrochloric acid with four cases, carbon monoxide with two cases, and organochlorines with two cases. It was determined that there was a significant difference (P 0.05). The gross mucosal findings observed were as follows: pallor in 32 cases, bleeding in 11, congestion in 16, erosion in 32 cases, oedema in 45 cases, and flattening of the rugae in 29 cases. It was determined that there was a significant difference (P 0.05).
Conclusion: The authors discovered that organophosphorous was the most common poisoning, followed by sulphuric acid as the second most common.
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