Document Type : Research Article
Aim: To study symptomatic and asymptomatic urinary tract infections in patients with diabetes mellitus.
Materials and Methods: The current prospective observational research was carried out on one hundred patients with confirmed diagnoses of diabetes mellitus admitted to the Medicine Dr DY Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre in Pimpri, Pune, from October 2020 and September 2023. After receiving approval from the institutional ethics committee, the research was carried out. Every patient had a thorough physical examination and complete history taking in accordance with the proforma. All of the collected information was input into a spreadsheet (Microsoft Excel 2010) and then transferred to the data editor in SPSS 20. (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA).
Results: The prevalence of symptomatic UTI in the study population was 34% and asymptomatic UTI was found prevalent in 66% of the study subjects. The average age of the subjects with symptomatic UTI was 46.32 years and asymptomatic UTI was 52.16 years. Majority of the subjects in both the groups showed HbA1c levels ≥7 (69%) and rest (31%) showed levels below 7. Bacterial culture report showed that E. Coli was found more prevalent in both groups (52%) followed by K. Pneumoniae (14%), Pseudomonas (3%), Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus (2%), Enterococcus Spp. (2%) and P. Rettgeri (1%).
Conclusion: The study indicated that the presence of prior urinary tract infections and inadequate Glycemic control were significant contributors to the high prevalence of urinary tract infections among the study population.