EFFECT OF ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY ON NEONATAL BIRTH WEIGHT AND GESTATIONAL AGE AT DELIVERY
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 7426-7433
AbstractBACKGROUND: Anemia is the world's most common nutritional deficiency disorder. Maternal anaemia has become one of the world's major health concerns and it is linked to negative maternal and foetal outcomes such as Maternal and perinatal mortality rates, premature birth, low birth weight, and certain anomalies have all increased.
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the effect of maternal anemia with new born’s birth weight, and gestational age at delivery.
METHODOLOGY: This was an observational clinical study involving 200 pregnant women and their newborn. Every singleton live birth baby born was examined. The hemoglobin for 100 anemic mother and hemoglobin of 100 non anemic mother was considered and it was correlated with neonatal outcomes such as gestational age at birth and birth weight.
Results: The majority of the anemic mothers were from the lower class. Non anemic mothers were from lower middle class. Preterm births accounted for 25% in total, in which 17% preterm birth were born to anemic mothers. and low birth weights accounted for 45% in total in which 38% were born to anemic mother.
CONCLUSION: According to WHO data from 2018, anaemia in pregnancy affects 65-75% of pregnant women in India. Preterm births are 12.1% and low birth weights are 17.8% among babies born to anaemic mothers. In future, With the help of national health programme we should aim in reduction of incidence of anemia in pregnancy and their detrimental effect on new born.
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