Document Type : Research Article
Introduction: Vaginitis is the most common gynaecologic clinical condition, history alone is not reliable for the diagnosis of vaginitis. A study was taken to detect the vaginitis in and around Hanumakonda district. Materials and Methods: It was a prospective study, conducted in the department of Microbiology, KMC, Hanumakonda. Study protocol was approved by the institutional ethics committee. Study was conducted from October 2021 to July 2022. Women aged > 18 years, complaining of vaginal discharge were included. Non cooperative individuals, those with known vaginitis, those on antibiotic treatment were not considered. The complaints of the participants were asked by face to face interview. Clinical information was recorded in the proforma. The vaginal examination was carried and various findings were recorded. Vaginal samples were collected. Bacterial vaginitis (BV) is diagnosed according to Amsel’s criteria. Yeast hyphae in KOH preparation and gram positive budding yeast cells are used to consider vulvo vaginal candidiasis (VVC); Trichomoniasis is confirmed by identifying motile trophozoites. Results: Total 50 (100%) members were recruited, mean age was 42.6 years.
Maximum (46%) were in 25 – 34 years group. Age wise, statistically there was no significant difference between infective vaginitis (IV) and non IV. Statically there was no significant difference between marital status and vaginitis. BV was detected in majority (38%) followed by VVC (28%). Conclusion: Simple microscopy such as wet mount and gram stain are useful for rapid diagnosis of IV. However small sample size, lack of risk factors analysis are the limitations of the research.