“A Quasi- Experimental Study To Assess The Effect Of Cold Application Priorto Intramuscular Injection Administration On Painamong Adults In Selected Tertiary Care Hospital Of Navi Mumbai”
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 1796-1810
AbstractPain is highly unpleasant and very personal sensation. Every human being in the world has experienced some type or degree of pain during intramuscular injection. Among many non-pharmacological measures, application of cold reduces the ability of pain fibres to transmit pain impulses and reduce the pain associated with various types of injection. The main aim was to assess the effectiveness of cold application on the level of pain during intramuscular injection.
Objectives of the study wereto assess pain score after intramuscular injection administration in control group, to assess pain score after intramuscular injection administration in experimental group, to assess the effect of cold application on the pain scores in the experimental group, to find association between the pain scores of experimental and control groups, to find association between the pain scores with selected demographic variables of experimental and control group.
Method used for this study was a quantitative approach using quasi-experimental post-test only control design. A non-probability purposive sampling technique had been used to select 30 subjects, out of which, 15 were assigned to experimental group and 15 to control group. Study was conducted at OPD’s of Dr. D. Y. Patil Hospital, Nerul, Navi-Mumbai.
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