Socio-Demographic Profile of Victims of Hanging Cases: An Autopsy Based Cross-Sectional Study Done in Police Morgue of a Medical College of West Bengal
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 7566-7574
AbstractBackground: The word asphyxia is of Greek derivation and means “a stopping of the pulse”. Any death is asphyxial in nature. But forensic pathology understands asphyxia as the interference with the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body. Hanging and strangulation constitute asphyxia by compressing vital structures within the neck. Hanging is one of the ten leading causes of death in the world accounting for more than a million deaths annually. In India, hanging is one of the common methods of committing suicide. 2021 NCRB report also depicts the alarming rate of increase of suicide in the country. Over the past 30 years specially during and after the COVID-era the incidence of suicide by hanging is on increase, especially among young adults. 2021 NCRB report also depicts the alarming rate of increase of suicide in the country.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted following the complete enumeration method over the body of deceased died due to hanging and came for medico-legal autopsy in Burdwan police morgue of West Bengal with specific Inclusion and Exclusion criteria. Study done on total 129 (N= 129) bodies of hanging cases Detailed information regarding the deceased, circumstances of death, its different sociodemographic parameters hanging were collected from the inquest, investigating officer and relatives.
Results: Results showed that most of the victims of hanging were males. Highest incidence was in the age group of 21 to 30 years. Most of the victims were Hindus by faith.
Conclusion: In Covid and Post-Covid era number of hanging cases has been increased mostly due to familial and socio-economical constrains.
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