Prevalence of Anemia in Pregnancy and its Biosocial Connection with Other Factors at a Rural Centre of North India
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 8498-8502
AbstractIntroduction: Anemia is one of the commonest medical disorder in pregnancy all over the word. The burden is huge. Several international and national programs are running to reduce this burden.
Aim: The aim of the present study is to know the “Prevalence of Anemia in Pregnancy and its Biosocial connection with other factors at Integral Institute of Medical Sciences Research, Lucknow”, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is a tertiary care centre mainly catering the rural population.
Methodology: It was a prospective study, conducted on pregnant women attending antenatal clinic and admitted in the department of obstetrics and gynecology of Integral Institute of medical Sciences & Research. Study was conducted over a period of 11 months from February 2021 to December 2021. All pregnant women 18 years and above attending antenatal clinic were included in this study. The questionnaires were developed consisted of questions divided into three sections namely : socio-demographic, nutritional and other factors along with menstrual and obstetric history. Data was collected after women received antenatal services or after admission in the ward. Diagnosis of anemia was established after hemoglobin estimation by automated blood count.
Results: The total study subjects were 356 pregnant women. Among them 198 pregnant women (55.61%) suffered with mild, moderate and severe anemia. Among participants, 78.5% of pregnant women were 20-30 years of age group. The high prevalence anemia (96.5%) was among homemakers and daily workers as compared with working females. Among the parity group majority of the participants who suffered with anemia were second gravida (45.45%). The vegetarian group suffered with high prevalence of anemia (61.5%) as compared with the patients on mixed diet.
Conclusion:A very high prevalence of anemia (55.61%) in pregnant women is an indicator of the slow performance of national and international programs towards the desired goal because of various reasons
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