Retainers in Orthodontics- A Review
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 2308-2316
AbstractRetention is necessary following orthodontic treatment to prevent relapse of the final occlusal outcome. Relapse can occur as a result of forces from the periodontal fibres around the teeth which tend to pull the teeth back towards their pretreatment positions, and also from deflecting occlusal contacts if the final occlusion is less than ideal. Age changes, in the form of ongoing dentofacial growth, as well as changes in the surrounding soft tissues, can also affect the stability of the orthodontic outcome. The aim of this article is to provide an insight into the various modalities of retention and types of appliance used in achieving this objective.
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