Document Type : Research Article
Background: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The present study was conducted to assess acute respiratory tract infection in children less than 5 years of age.
Materials & Methods: 105 children aged less than 5 years of age of both genders diagnosed with acute respiratory tract infection were enrolled. Type of ARTi was recorded. Risk factors such as mother age, nutrition, breast feeding, family size, immunization, residence, use of biofuel etc. were recorded.
Results: Out of 105 children, boys were 65 and girls were 40. Type of ARTi was rhinitis in 25, pharyngitis in 30, tonsillitis in 40 and bronchopneumonia in 10 patients. The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05). Birth weight was normal in 20, low weight in 55 and overweight in 30. Mother age was <20 years in 65 and >20 years in 40. Mother education was none in 22, primary in 54 and secondary and above in 29. Smoking was seen in 45 and no in 60. Immunization was adequate in 35 and inadequate in 70. Residence was urban in 48 and rural in 57. Nutrition was adequate in 32 and inadequate in 73. Breast-feeding was seen in 42. Biofuel used was wood in 74 and kerosene in 31. Family size was small in 54 and large in 51. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Common risk factors foun ARTi in children were low weight, young mother age, low mother education, smoking, inadequate immunization, inadequate nutrition, inadequate breast-feeding and use of wood biofuel.