A study comparing socio-demographic and clinical profile of patients of unipolar and bipolar depression
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 8922-8926
AbstractBackground: To assess socio-demographic and clinical profile of patients of unipolar and bipolar depression.
Materials & methods: 100 patients with confirmed diagnosis of unipolar depression and 100 patients with confirmed diagnosis of bipolar depression were enrolled. Complete demographic details and clinical data of all the patients was obtained. Diagnosis of unipolar and bipolar was confirmed as per the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problem Tenth Revision (ICD-10), were included. A Preformed Performa was made and complete details of all the patients was recorded. Clinical and socio-demographic data of all the subjects was recorded and compared. Assessment of results was done using SPSS software.
Results: Majority proportion of bipolar depression were males (p- value < 0.05). Majority proportion of patients of unipolar group were married and unemployed (p- value < 0.05). Non-significant results were obtained while comparing the socio-economic status among patients with unipolar and bipolar depression. Mean age of onset among patients with unipolar depression was significantly higher in comparison to patients with bipolar depression. Mean duration of illness among patients with bipolar depression was significantly higher in comparison to patients with unipolar depression. Majority of patients of unipolar depression were of mild severity.
Conclusion: It has become more important not to miss bipolarity in patients with first episode depression. Adequate measures should be taken to understand the clinical markers of depression.
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