“PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF COMPARISON BETWEEN PRE-PROCEDURE ULTRASOUND EXAMINATION SCORING VERSUS MANUAL SCORING TO PREDICT DIFFICULT SPINAL ANESTHESIA IN INDIAN PATIENTS”
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 9077-9092
AbstractSubarachnoid block /spinal anaesthesia is one of the most important anaesthetic techniques in the 21st century even though it was first introduced 100 years ago by August bier in 1861.
It is the anaesthetic technique of choice for most lower limb orthopedic cases, urological cases, lower abdominal surgeries, and caesarian sections as it is technically easy to perform and economically feasible. Also, the incidence of complications are reduced and the associated difficulties of general anaestheisa like difficult airway management, intraoperative awareness, extubation, polypharmacy, postoperative nausea and vomiting are avoided.
Subarachnoid block blunts the surgical stress response and has been shown to reduce intra-operative blood loss. The patient's airway reflexes are preserved, unlike general anaesthesia. Thus spinal anaesthesia is an indispensable part of modern anaesthesia and every anaesthetist must be adept in performing spinal anaesthesia and its intraoperative management
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