Document Type : Research Article
Background: Occurrence and risk of tuberculosis is more among diabetes mellitus patients in relation to non-diabetic patients due to weakened immune system. As a result, affected patients have difficulty in responding to any kind of treatment when compared to healthy individuals.
Objective: To study the clinical and radiological profile of pulmonary tuberculosis among diabetic and non-diabetic patients.
Methods: The prospective study was conducted at the department of General Medicine, in Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital Jaipur a tertiary health care centre in Rajasthan. In the study patients were grouped into one having PTB with DM and other group PTB without DM. Informed written consent was obtained from all patients and their clinical, radiological features were recorded.
Results: A total of 60 patients (20 to >60 years) were enrolled in the study with equal numbers being grouped in the 2 categories. In our study majority of diabetic patients are males with more occurrence in >30 yrs age group having more sputum positivity with consolidation as major findings
Conclusions: Diabetes is a well-known risk factor for pulmonary tuberculosis. All patients of pulmonary tuberculosis should be screened for Diabetes especially above 30 years age group and early and prompt treatment should be started.