Results of lateral closed wedge osteotomy and k-wire fixation for correction of cubitus varus: A prospective study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 4586-4593
AbstractBackground: Cubitus varus is the most frequent post-traumatic late consequence of paediatric displaced supracondylar humeral fractures. Malunion is the most common cause of these deformities. Commonly present as cosmetic deformity but it may also cause increased chances of lateral humeral condyle fractures, posterolateral instability of the elbow, and tardy ulnar nerve palsy. Different types of corrective osteotomies have been described from simple wedge osteotomy to complex three-dimentional osteotomy but none with consensus. We conducted this study to evaluate the results of a simple lateral closed wedge osteotomy fixed with K-wires in these patients.
Aim and Objectives: To study the functional and radiological outcomes of a lateral closed wedge osteotomy fixed with K-wires to correct cubitus varus.
Materials and Methods: Twenty children with malunited supracondylar fracture humerus leading to cubitus varus deformity underwent lateral closed wedge osteotomy, which was fixed with K‑wires. Patients were evaluated for elbow range of motion, carrying angle, radiological correction of humeroulnar angle and complications if any.
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