Epidemiology of Trauma Patients Admitted to a Trauma Center in Autonomous State Medical College, Shahjahanpur, UP.: A Retrospective Study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 4722-4726
AbstractBackground: The rapid economic and automobile growth in India leads to a rapid increase in road traffic accidents (RTAs). Trauma is an increasing cause of morbidity and mortality in India. This study evaluates the epidemiology of trauma patients reported to the trauma center in Autonomous State Medical College, Shahjahanpur, UP.
Material and Methods: This study was performed in the department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Autonomous State Medical College Allied Pt. Ram Prasad Bismil Memorial Hospital, Shahjahanpur, UP, for the period of one year from Aug 2021 to July 2022. The data were collected with the help of a structured pro forma. Details of incident, injuries and outcome were noted.
Results: RTA was the commonest cause of injury (46.86%). Most common age group affected was 12-40 year age group (64.06%), with predominance of Male (79.4%) and rural population (72%). The commonest victims of trauma were labourer (37.66%). Maximum cases of trauma occurred during summer (58.9%). Jeep was the most common vehicle involved (33.54%).In road traffic injury cases frontal impact was the commonest mode (51.48%) most cases were unintentional injury (68%) and Alcohol intoxication was present in 11.08% of cases.
Conclusion: RTA (Road Traffic Accidents) and falls are the predominant causes of trauma. Our study shows that RTAs and workplace injuries are the predominant causes of trauma.
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