A Qualitative Analysis Of Dermatoglyphic Patterns In Schizophrenic Patients: A Comparative Study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 1906-1910
AbstractDermatoglyphics being a simple and inexpensive method, can be used a diagnostic aid for finding out the predisposed individuals in various genetic disorders associated with chromosomal aberrations and various inheritable diseases like diabetes, hypertension, psychiatric disorders and many more. Henceforth, the current study was planned to delineate the relationship of dermatoglyphics and clinical presentation of patients of schizophrenia.
Methods: This observational study was carried out in Postgraduate Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Jammu and in the OPD block of Department of Psychiatry, Associated Hospital of Government Medical College, Jammu. A total of 200 subjects were taken for the study. Out of 200 subjects 100 were cases i.e. Schizophrenia patients (Group S) and 100 were Controls (Group C).
Results: The frequency of arches in both right and left hands were decreased in schizophrenia patients as compared to controls. Ulnar loop pattern in both right and left hands were lower in schizophrenia patients when compared to controls. Radial loops were seen more in schizophrenia patients when compared to controls. In the present study, the pattern of whorls in both right and left hands were higher in schizophrenia patients when compared to controls.
Conclusion: The results of present study concluded that variations do exist in the dermatoglyphic patterns in patients of Schizophrenia. While taking the clinical features into consideration, it was inferred that the use of dermatoglyphics can be used as a reliable genetic marker for screening high risk people for the early detection in Schizophrenia
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