A Retrospective Observational Study Of Paediatric Burn Cases Elaborating Types Of Burns, Percent Of Tbsa Involved & Its Relation To Parental Literacy And Employment Status-An Original Research
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 9, Pages 163-167
AbstractAim: The purpose of the present study was to assess paediatric burn cases based on variables like- Total body surface area (TSBA) involved, parents literacy rates as well their employment status.
Methodology: A Retrospective study was conducted in Osmania general Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India,over a period of 24 months from January 2011 to January 2013.Paediatric burns comprise 12.99% of the total burns. All male, female in-Patients belonging to paediatric age group (0-15years), admitted in Burns Unit of our Hospital were included in the study. Maintenance fluids were given at hourly rate of 4ml/kg for first 10kg body weight+ 2ml/kg for second 10kg body weight+ 1ml/kg for >20kg body wt. Collagen was applied to all children with superficial burns and partial thickness burns that come before 24- 48hr from the time of incident.
Results: Burns occurred commonly in children with illiterate (76.48%) and unemployed (69.21%) parents. Dinner time (35%) and colder months of the year were more prone timings. Most of the burns were accidental (98.56%). Flame burns predominated (47.79%) scalds (37.5%). Most of the children sustained burns of 11-30% TBSA (40.56%).
Conclusion: It was evident that literacy as well as being employed helped prevent burn incidents in pediatric cases.
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