ANALYSIS OF PERSONAL, SOCIAL AND HORMONAL FACTORS AMONG FEMALE PATIENTS WITH LICHEN PLANUS VISITING A PRIVATE TEACHING HOSPITAL FACILITY IN CHENNAI, INDIA - A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 908-918
AbstractLichen planus is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects the skin and oral cavity. The characteristic symptoms of oral lichen planus (OLP) are burning sensation and pain at the lesion site. Incidence of OLP is higher in females than males. The aim of this study was to evaluate and identify the correlation of OLP with personal, social and hormonal factors in female patients visiting Saveetha dental college and hospitals, Chennai.This retrospective study includes a total of n=36 clinically diagnosed cases of OLP. The patient data were retrieved from DIAS,which is a common database for clinical and treatment details of the patients. The retrieved data were tabulated using Microsoft Excel 2016, according to personal, social and hormonal factors and then exported to SPSS for statistical analysis. Descriptive analysis and chi square tests for association were done using SPSS. Among 36 OLP cases, 41.6% were In the age group of 46- 55 years, 19.4% were in the age group of 36- 45 years, and 19.4% were in the age group of above 55 years. Majority of the study population 98% had no history of tobacco usage and were non vegetarians. 33% had anxiety in their life and 30.5% were in their peri menopausal phase. It was observed that Oral lichen planus incidence was higher in the age group of 46-55 years and also showed higher incidence in peri menopausal women. Along with hormonal factors, stress was also observed to have a significant role in oral lichen planus progression.
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