Crossed pinning versus lateral pinning for displaced extension type supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2023, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 1448-1453
Abstracthighest incidence of supracondylar fracture of humerus is in Pediatric age group and the most common being the extension type of supracondylar fracture. Precise diagnosis evaluation and planning is required for deciding the best modality of treatment for these fractures. They are most widely managed by utilizing two methods; lateral pinning and crossed pinning. So aim of study remains to determine the superiority of either of these techniques over the other.
Materials and Methods: A prospective, single blinded, randomized control trial with 53 cases, out of which 39 were boys and 14 were girls was conducted. Mean age group of study was 6.9 years. Acoording to Gartland classification Type III supracondylar fractures were included in this study. Detailed post-operative primary assessment for major loss of reduction and iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury was done. Clinical outcome, elbow range of motion, radiographic measurement, Flynn’s grading and complications were the secondary parameters which were assessed.
Results: Both groups exhibited no major loss of reduction. Change of Boumann angle was statistically insignificant. Metaphysial-Diaphysial angle, Flynn grade, carrying angle and total elbow range of motion between the two groups showed no statistically significant difference.
Conclusion: Lateral pin fixation offers parallel results in terms of functional and radiological outcomes and nearly equal mechanical stability compared to medial-lateral pinning without the added shortcoming of possibility of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury.
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