Prevalence of high risk individuals for type 2 diabetes mellitus with Indian diabetes risk (IDRS) Score in bank employees of urban Maharashtra
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2023, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 144-154
AbstractWorld Health Organization (WHO) defines the term diabetes mellitus as- 'a metabolic disorder of multiple etiology characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both.’ Non-communicable diseases associated with changes in lifestyle and diet has become a major public health problem in both the developed and developing countries.
Objectives: To study prevalence of high risk individuals for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Indian Diabetes Risk Score in Bank Employees of Urban Maharashtra.
Methods: The type of present study is a Cross Sectional community based descriptive study. Calculated sample size came to 400. The number of bank employees in each strata were calculated. There were 807 bank employees in government banks, 411 bank employees in co-operative banks and 397 bank employees in private banks. So it was decided by stratified random sampling that 200 subjects would be from Government banks, 100 subjects would be from Co-operative banks and 100 subjects would be from Private bank.
Results: The prevalence of high risk individuals for type 2 diabetes mellitus using IDRS score developed by V Mohan was 26.5% in the present study. The prevalence of already diagnosed diabetes mellitus cases was more i.e. 11.5%.
Conclusion: IDRS score was significant with age group,body mass index and family history of diabetes mellitus, waist circumference, tobacco addiction and alcohol addiction. But it did not significantly vary with gender and type of family
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