A study on profile of assault cases presenting to the casualty of tertiary care hospital
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 1990-1995
AbstractPhysical assault is one of the world’s leading cause of morbidity and mortality which can be preventable. In India, assaultive violence tops the list in 15-24 years age group, placing heavy burden on health care facilities. The present study was carried out with objectives to study the pattern and distribution of injuries in cases of physical assault, and the age and sex distribution of victims.
Methodology: The study was carried out in the Casualty of a Tertiary Care Hospital, in the state of Puducherry, over a period of 12 months from January 2021 to December 2021. A total of 200 cases of alleged assault were included in the study.
Results: Males (79%) outnumbered females (21%). Commonest age group affected was 16-25 years (53%), followed by 26-35 years (35%). In 79% of cases, the assailant was known to the victim. Majority of the assaults occurred on streets (41%), and during the night hours (53%). Most common type of injuries sustained by the victims were contusions (41%), followed by abrasions (24.5%). Most commonly affected region of the body was head & neck region (40.5%) followed by the upper limbs (27.5%). 28.5% of victims had sustained grievous injuries. Blunt weapon was most commonly used (46%). Majority of the cases (65%) were treated conservatively.
Conclusion: Males in the age group of 15-34 years were found to be more susceptible to physical assault some of which were grievous in nature. Incidents were predominant in the night hours and on the streets. Blunt trauma, contusions being the commonest form, with head and neck region bearing the brunt.
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