Comparative Analysis of Consequences of Laparotomy Wound in Emergency and Elective Surgery
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 5222-5226
AbstractLaparotomies are frequently carried out in surgical units. After laparotomy, postoperative problems are more common, especially in emergency situations.In surgical language, “the word laparotomy explains exploration of the abdomen and proceed further according to the cause identified”. The effects of the disease are directly impacted by postoperative complications. Materials and methods: This study included all patients who underwent laparotomy, whether it was elective or necessary. Patients' demographic information was recorded in Performa, all complications were compared based on the type of laparotomy, and patients were monitored for 30 days after surgery. Between emergency and elective surgery, postoperative wound problems and numerous factors impacting them are compared. Results and Conclusion: The study found that the incidence of postoperative tissue and wound issues was higher in emergency surgery (25%) than in elective surgery (14%). It primarily depends on individuals with higher ASA scores, anaemia, and higher wound classes who are more susceptible to suffer wound problems.
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