Diagnosing the Missing Case of Diabetes Mellitus and its Risk Factors using Indian Diabetes Risk Score as Screening Tool in a Rural Area
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 9, Pages 421-426
AbstractThe globe today faces as epidemic of non-communicable diseases (NCD), which will soon surpass communicable diseases. Indian Diabetes Risk score developed by Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Ramachandran A et al8 can be used as simple tool to screen the population in an area. Aim and objectives: Screening of diabetes mellitus in a rural area by using IDRS. Material and Methods: The cross sectional study was done in field practice area of rural health and training centre associated with a medical college. From the survey proforma four important factors like, age, abdominal obesity, family history of diabetes and physical activity were taken to calculate Indian diabetes Risk score- IDRS. The study tool which we have used in this study was IDRS - Indian Diabetes Risk Score - A simplified form of score for screening undiagnosed Diabetics. Results: Our study included 610 study participants in which majority 64.26% males, 73.77% belonging to nuclear family and majority were from lower and lower middle class of socioeconomic status. Risk factors calculated for IDRS show 29.18 % of participants were above 50 years and abdominal obesity measured in terms of waist circumference show higher level in males that is 43.11% males were having WC from 91-99 and 24.59% males were having above 100 waist circumference .as physical activity was assessed it shows majority that is 43% were doing moderate activity, 21.48 were doing mild physical activity and 13.44% were sedentary population.
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