Penile Carcinoma: A Retrospective Analysis of Socioeconomic, Demographic and Clinicopathological Data
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2023, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 233-240
AbstractPenile cancer is an uncommon illness in Western nations, but it accounts for around 42% of all urogenital malignancies in India. It has been connected with many variables including old age, improper hygiene, smoking, and absence of circumcision. This research aimed to examine the socio-demographic and clinical features of penile cancer patients who visited a tertiary referral hospital.
Methods: The records of all patients suffering from penile cancer who visited a tertiary cancer institution between the years 2009 and 2015 have been compiled into a database. In addition to describing the patients' socioeconomic, demographic, and clinical characteristics, bivariate analyses were carried out.
Results: 121 incidences of penile cancer were reported throughout this time. The median age was 55 years on average. A penile ulcer (78.0%) with an exophytic mass (47.1%) and bleeding was the predominant factor in consultations. The glans was the most typical position (50.4%). In our analysis, 26.4% of patients received radical amputation; of which, 54.6% underwent lymph node dissection and had lymph node metastases.
Conclusion: Most of the individuals with penile cancer observed in this research had elderly age and had an absence of circumcision. Patients with lymph node metastases required more aggressive surgeries and had a higher incidence of recurrence than those without lymph node involvement. Robust studies are needed to identify risk variables in low-income communities.
- Article View: 34
- PDF Download: 63