CLINICAL PROFILE AND VISUAL PROGNOSIS OF OCULAR TRAUMA IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE IN NORTH INDIA
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2023, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 848-857
AbstractTo study clinical and demographic profile and visual prognosis of ocular trauma patients visiting ophthalmology department in a tertiary care centre of Punjab for a span of one year.
Materials And Methods: This prospective study was conducted on the patients of ocular trauma visiting Department of Ophthalmology, in Government medical college,
Patiala during a span of 1st April 2021 to 31st March 2022. 152 ocular trauma patients of all age groups reported to our institute and continued follow up for 2 months were included in the study. Data obtained was tabulated and analysed statistically.
Results: Out of 152 patients, 48.68% were between 31- 45 years of age. Males (74.34%) were predominantly affected. Road side accident (42.76%) was found to be the most common cause of injury. Closed globe injury (59.24%) was more common than open globe. Eyelids (36.51%) were the most involved ocular structure followed by conjunctiva (26.37%). The visual acuity observed in the affected eye at the time of admission was between 6/6 - 6/18 in 54.78% of patients. After treatment the 78.80% of the cases had final BCVA between 6/6 - 6/18.
Conclusion: Road side accident was the most common cause of ocular trauma. Younger age group and males are predominantly affected. Closed globe was the common type of injury and eyelids were the mostly affected ocular structure.
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