THE INCIDENCE OF PEDIATRIC BURNS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL- A RETROSPECTIVE 5 YEARS STUDY
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2023, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 1200-1208
AbstractPediatric burns are a significant international public health problem. Developing and developed countries report similar challenges regarding paediatric burn prevention programs. The study was done to analyses the burn mechanism, the age and circumstances in which children are burned, as well as their home environment variables. Retrospective study also identify demographics, etiologies, and mortality risk factors.
Methods and Materials This retrospective study included 344 children with age 0 to 15 years of age who were admitted in Burn Unit of GMCH of Guwahati with different etiologies of burn from 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2021. Study started after taking ethical clearance from ethical committee,the records from burn department of GMCH during this period of time.
Results Common age group admitted to burn Icu were 1-5 years which accounted for 43% of total admitted children followed by children with age group of 0-1 year(30%). The most common etiology of burns were found to be scald injuries(57%) followed by flame burns(30%). Maximum number of burns incidents took place in month of November (n=56,16.2%) followed byJanuary ( n=54, 15.6%) and December ( n=52,15.1).
Conclusions Children should be taken care by parents or guardian specially those who are age group of 1-5 years as these are actively mobile but unaware of the danger they face. Parents should be given education and awareness about the prevention of burns in children
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