Document Type : Research Article
Of late, radial artery is commonly used for angiography compared to transfemoral or trans brachial route as this procedure yields less post operative hospital stay for the patients. So here is an effort to give various data on radial artery to support their various procedures.
Material & Methods: Radial artery parameters were collected and studied from 56 south-Indian upper limbs of both sexes and both sides by Dissection Method. Statistical analysis used to measure Average, median, mode, standard deviation and unpaired T test were calculated using Microsoft Excel.
Results: Radial artery takes origin from inter epicondylar line at a mean distance of 2.31 cms. respectively. Mean total length of the radial artery from origin to styloid process is 24.58cm. Its mean luminal diameter at its origin is 0.48 cm. Mean luminal diameter at its termination in the anatomical snuff box is 0.47 cm. Differences in the measurement of both sexes and various other parameters described in detail in the article.
Variations like Radioulnar loops seen in one specimen. Distal 1/3 of forearm tortuosity in 7 specimens and full-length tortuosity in 3 specimens
Conclusions: From our study, we conclude that the parameters we obtained are similar to earlier studies published. The anomalies in the course of Radial artery are very minimal with radioulnar loops in 1.8 %, full length tortuosity in 5.4 % and distal 1/3rd tortuosity in 12.5 % only. This concludes that radial artery can be considered as the safer and useful route for various coronary interventions surgeries