Document Type : Research Article
Abstract: We examined the data of appeals to outpatient clinics in order to detect the
incidence of pneumonia in children in areas with different intensities of pesticide usage. It
was found that in the areas of intensive usage of pesticides (cotton growing area) in
children aged 0-4 years, acute pneumonia is recorded 3-5 times more often than in the
zone of limited usage of pesticides (livestock area). The static differences are significant.
The prevalence of acute pneumonia among girls is 7–20% higher than among boys. The
highest level of respiratory diseases is found at the age of 1 to 4 years. With the increase in
the territorial burden of pesticides, the level of perinatal pathology and the number of
premature infants increase. The data confirm that acute pneumonia and other respiratory
diseases are more common in the cotton growing area than in the livestock one. However,
the study of the regional characteristics of the incidence of children has established that in
the general structure of the respiratory diseases, pneumonia occupies the first place.