Brain Tumor And Intracranial Haemorrhage Feature Extraction And Classification Using Conventional And Deep Learning Methods
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 237-258
AbstractPresently, brain tumor (BT) and Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) detection and classification processes become essential to save human lives. Automated diagnosis model using deep learning (DL) models finds useful to attain improved diagnostic outcome. This paper presents an ensemble of handcrafted and deep features for BT and ICH diagnosis. The proposed model comprises of three important processes, such as preprocessing, feature extraction and classification. The preprocessing of the input image takes place in three ways namely skull stripping, bilateral filtering (BF) and contrast limited adaptive histogram equalization (CLAHE) based contrast enhancement. In addition, scale invariant feature transform (SIFT) and AlexNet models are used for feature extraction process. In order to classify the existence of BT and ICH, two classification models is carried out such as gaussian naïve bayes (GNB) and random forest (RF).For validating the effective diagnostic performance of the proposed model, a set of simulations were carried out to determine the different class labels. The simulation outcome indicated the effective performance with the maximum sensitivity of 92.41%, specificity of 100%, and accuracy of 94.26%.
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