Educational Status of the Slum Dwellers: Kharagpur City
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2331-2337
AbstractThe growth of slums in cities is deteriorating the urban landscape and creating environmental crisis in the form of spreading of diseases, ill- health, malnutrition and making the city a center of crimes and other evils. The problem of slum growth is not only recognized in the metropolitan or million cities but also in the developing class I cities like Kharagpur. Kharagpur city is the fourth largest city and the fifth most populated city of West Bengal with a total population of 2,07,604 (2011) census in south–western part of Paschim Medinipur District, West Bengal. The objective of the present study is to analyze the educational status of the slum dwellers of Kharagpur city. Education is directly related with income and socio economic conditions. The slum dwellers are suffering from illiteracy and ignorance. This study is based on Primary data collected from 15 slums which included 396 households in Kharagpur city. Secondary data was collected from the Kharagpur Municipality Office, Meteorological Department Kolkata, Survey of India Kolkata, D.M. office of West Medinipur, Census Handbook and District Statistical Handbook etc. The excessive population growth rate, low level of income, illiteracy, lack of availability of proper nutrients are the basic drawbacks among the people living in slum areas. Employment opportunities, expansion of social education, cleanliness, recreational facilities have to be adopted for slum improvement and bettering the wellbeing of the slum dwellers in the city.
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