Self-reported menopausal symptoms among postmenopausal women- A cross-sectional study in an urban slum of Odisha, India
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 849-859
AbstractIntroduction: Women live more than one-third of their life in their menopausal period. Syndrome of the psychological, physical as well as vasomotor together with sexual problems is common in this age. In Indian scenario, menopausal health need is a priority among slum women.
Objective: To identify the commonly reported menopausal symptoms alongside linked threats to urban slum women. Methods: The study has been taken based upon a cross-sectional population conducted among 104 postmenopausal women in an urban slum during September and October 2019. Women who had menopause more than 12months were inducted in the study. Data have been collected by using predesigned and pretested schedule and tested upon the modified Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) . Data analysis has been conducted by means of SPSS version 20 software.
Results: In this study mean age was 50.92 ± 3.2 years, among them all were Hindu, 75% belonged to general caste and 50% had nuclear family. The age group of 47.29± 2.98 years is considered for menopause. The most frequent symptom described was joint / muscular discomfort by 94.2% women, followed by irritability, anxiety, and corporeal as well as mental exhaustion (92.3%). Hot flushes were reported by 63.5% respondents. Most of the participants (61.5%) reported moderate symptoms followed by mild (19.2%). Physical activity was low among 63.5% participants. MRS score was significantly higher among women more than 50 years of age, literate women, middle socioeconomic group, women who had attained menopause after 50 years, who had attained menopause naturally, exposed to second hand smoke and women with comorbidities (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The occurrence of menopausal indication is high and interventions should be targeted to reduce these symptoms.
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