Role Of Device Guided Paced Breathing Onblood Pressure Reduction In Hypertensive Outpatients- A Pilot Study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1584-1591
AbstractBACKGROUND:Hypertension is a one of the risk factors for cardiovascular disease, stroke, cardiac failure, and sudden death. Life style modification that incudes exercise and diet are the non-pharmacological methods recommended as a primary prevention for high blood pressure. This widely recommended measures can be used with or without antihypertensive drugs. It has been reported some short -term success on hypertension treatment by paced breathing technique. AIM: This study aimed to assess whether a 10 minute of paced breathing (RR<6) intervention reduces blood pressure in hypertensive outpatients. METHODOLOGY: A total of 20 mild hypertensive participants of both gender with stage 1 hypertension (SBP- 130 to139 mm Hg or DBP 80 to 89 mm Hg) were enrolled. Patients with diabetic mellitus,ischemic heart disease, severe heart failure, renal failure, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease, impaired hearing capacity,major psychiatric disorder were excluded. Paced breathing mobile application was used to reduce the breathing rate (RR<6),pre and post intervention blood pressure were measured using standard mercury sphygmomanometer. RESULTS:In participants, systolic blood pressure (SBP) was significantly reduced after paced breathing(Post-test132.75) compared with the baseline measurements (pre-test136.10,)(p<0.05).diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was reduced from baseline measurement (post-test84.65) (pre-test85.40) but heart rate increased from baseline value. (pre-test73.50) (post-test73.60). CONCLUSION:From the results it concludes that statistically significant reduction found only in systolic blood pressure with paced breathing using mobile application for 10 minutes.
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