Morphology Study of Position, Shape, and Size of Mental Foramen in Dry Adult Human Mandibles
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 556-559
AbstractThe mental foramen (MF) is an important landmark to facilitate surgical, local anesthetic, and other invasiveprocedures, hence the present study was aimed to elucidate its morphological features and morphometric parameters with referenceto surrounding landmarks. Material and Method. During osteology demonstration we observed accessory mental foramen in 9 mandibleswith varying location. We have conducted on 35 mandiblesand standard deviations (SD). Results. In most cases (74.3%), the MF was ovalin shape and situated on the longitudinal axis of the2nd premolar tooth (61% on right side and 59.1% on left side). the mean distance for the right and left sides was measured fromvarious landmarks. Conclusion. Prior knowledge of mental foramen variations helps surgeons in planning surgery in that region toavoid nerve damage andalso enable effective mental nerve block anesthesia.
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