Factors affecting the maternal-fetal Attachment during pregnancy
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 1-7
AbstractMaternal-fetal attachment is an imperceptible connection and maintain a bond between mother and baby in her womb which is considered an important part of fetal development and this attachment can be affected by different factors. In India, in which the mortality rate for women is 130 per 100,000 live births and the neonatal mortality rate at 25.4 deaths per 1,000 live births that makes it 12th worst among the 52 lower-middle-income countries. Healthy Maternal-fetal attachment may serve to allow women to adopt optimal health practices earlier, thereby on a larger scale contribute toward reduction of obstetric maternal and child morbidity and mortality. The objective of the study: To identify the factors affecting the maternal fetal attachment during pregnancy. Material & Method: Qualitative approach was used and the research design adopted was hermeneutic phenomenology. Data was collected from 25 samples. Sampling technique used was non probability purposive sampling technique. The tool consisted of demographic profile and a guiding questionnaire. The data was collected through one to one in-depth interview and field notes. To ensure the trustworthiness of the data credibility, transferability and dependability was done. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics i.e. frequency and percentage for demographic variables and thematic analysis for determining essential codes, sub-themes and themes through content analysis and derived the factors affecting the maternal-fetal attachment. Results: Out of 25 women, 92% of women are in 18-25 years of age group, 60% did education upto secondary education, 56% are home maker, 48% monthly family income is rs. 18,983 to 31589/- , 96% of women doesn’t have any history of significant illness, no history of surgery in all of them, 80% were between 36weeks 1 day to 40 weeks period of gestation, all of them get information regarding antenatal care, from health personal, 12% get information from magazine also, 48% from television and all of them either from internets, friends and relatives. 88% of them had a history of either nausea or vomiting, 4% heart burn, 16% backache, 8% breathing difficulty and 8% oedema. Total 10 themes and 40 sub themes are identified from which 10 factors are identified which affects the maternal-fetalattachement during pregnancy.
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