Effect Of Legume Intercropping And Straw Mulching On Growth And Yield Of Wheat Crop
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2764-2770
AbstractThe field experiment was conducted to study the “Agronomic modifications for wheat production in organic farming” on sandy loam soil, medium in organic carbon and low in available N and high in available P and K was conducted at Students’ Research Farm, Khalsa College, Amritsar during rabiseason of 2015-16. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with eight treatments, having different combinations of planting methods, legume intercropping and straw mulching i.e. T1 : Flat sown wheat, T2: bed planted wheat, T3: T2+ intercropping gram in centre, T4: T2+ intercropping lentil in centre, T5: Paired rows of wheat and gram on bed, T6: Paired rows of wheat and lentil on bed, T7: T5+ straw mulching and T8: T6+ straw mulching replicated four times. Maximum plant population (91.8 m2) plant height (88.9cm), Leaf area index (3.34), dry matter accumulation (90.2 qha-1),tillers count (273.8 m2), grain yield (35.1 qha-1 ), straw yield (52.1q ha-1) were recorded in bed planting, paired row of wheat and gram + straw mulch (T7) which was followed by bed planting, paired row of wheat and lentil+ straw mulch (T8) were significantly superior over sole wheat (T2,T1) and at par with paired rows of wheat with gram and lentil (T5,T6), wheat intercropped with gram and lentil (T3,T4) without straw mulch.
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