Indian Printed Portraitures: Historical Background Of Wood And Metal Engravings From Medieval To Colonial Phase
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 3085-3105
AbstractIn this research paper, the researcher wants to examine the artistic portraiture visual language in Early Indian Graphic Arts, which were less documented in earlier medieval Period. The investigator, being a teacher is associated with the printmaking and graphic arts, is aware of circumstances in which artists of successive periods have struggled for the sociological and formal problems in innovation and print portrait making. This Research Paper is a survey of the history of manual intaglio, copper engravings, brass engravings, relief, metal engravings, other printing processes and trends of engraving, etching and plate printing techniques in India. For his exploration he is using the expertise of William Daniel and other innovators in the history of Indian Printmaking. The main objective is to present a concise history of printmaking from medieval period up to 1798. when the Britishers were almost in control over our sovereignty. modern, as well as a comprehensive overview of developments in the material aspects of intaglio and other printmaking from its origin. In the early 15th century Both innovations were observed in the light of the continuity between the intaglio printing method, i.e. its materials and methods of production in relation to its' form. The endeavours become apparent, and significantly, the journey from the earliest printed documents without visuals to documents with printed designs and images. The researcher is of the view that printmakers continue to embrace with enthusiasm, new developments in technology, new materials, new processes and new means of communication.
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