An Assessment Of Energy Intake And Energy Expenditure Of Male Football Players During Pre Competition Period
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 3948-3953
AbstractFootball is the one of most popular ball game played between two teams, eleven players in each team. The game play includes different variations in intensity such as bouts of high-intensity activities being interspersed with low intensity activities. During a pre competition training camp the players undertakes individual and team sessions encompassing technical training, skill practice, tactical training with high match frequency. our body needs energy to do any physical activity. These energy demands depend upon the nature and duration that specific physical activity. The optimum performance in game should be achieved by adequate energy balance, which obtained when energy intake is equal to energy expenditure. The muscle glycogen, a stored form of carbohydrates is considered major energy source during a football match. The main objective of this study was to determine the energy intake and energy expenditure of male football player during pre competition period. For this purpose primary data had been collected for the variables such as: Height, Weight, body mass index, Resting metabolic rate, Energy intake and Energy expenditure. To access dietary intake, 24 hours dietary recall method was used for consecutive three days. Resting metabolic rate of subjects was determined by bioScan 920-2 analyzer. The thermic effect of food is the energy expenditure in excess of basal metabolic rate after a meal. it is calculated as 10% of the resting metabolic rate. To access energy expenditure of physical activity all physical activities performed by them were recorded. For analyze the energy expenditure during physical activity the rate of expenditure in particular activity was multiply by duration of activity and total body weight of player in kg. The result of the study revealed that dietary intake of football players was inadequate to meet their energy demands. The percentage contribution of different macronutrients in total energy intake is also not appropriate as per recommended intake. The daily energy intake should be planned and maintained according to daily energy expenditure of players.
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