Psychological Impact On Maxillofacial Trauma Patients: A Retrospective Study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 3173-3191
AbstractA retrospective study to investigate the psychological morbidity and the health related quality of life in patients who had suffered maxillofacial trauma was carried on those patients who presented themselves at the oral and maxillofacial department, School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida. They were investigated for the evaluation of stress and anxiety disorders mainly after trauma. Three different scales were used to check the level of anxiety and depression related symptoms along with Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).Sampled subjects were dominated by males with major portion as students. Road traffic accidents were observed to be major cause of Maxillofacial Trauma. On 0-21 HADS scale 28% patients suffered from severe anxiety, whereas 29% respondents revealed severe depression. On Event Scale Revised 15.78% of patients recorded Quite A Bit level of distress with an event score of 3.The CAPS-5 criteria confirmed that 52.62% patients showed moderate symptoms of PTSD examined 6 months after trauma and also met DSM-IV criteria for the diagnosis of PTSD. Study confirms that it is very important to provide psychiatric support for all the patients with maxillofacial traumas as 52.62% of patients confirmed moderate symptoms even after a period of 24 weeks of trauma. Clinicians should emphasize this important consideration and explain it to the patients’ relatives in emergency departments and care units.
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